Ane memberanikan diri membuka thread ini, karena ane konsen dalam masalah legalitas broker forex untuk melindungi keamanan para trader. Sekalian dijadikan ajang diskusi mengenai seluk beluk regulasi broker forex.
--- Regulasi Broker Forex ---
Salah satu kriteria paling penting buat trader forex dalam memilih broker forex mana yang paling tepat adalah status regulasi broker forex tersebut. Broker forex yang melakukan aktivitas tanpa adanya regulasi bisa menimbulkan resiko terhadap keamanan uang investor. Mereka bisa berbuat apapun diluar hukum (out of law) yang bisa merugikan, khususnya para investor. Tujuan dari badan regulator ini adalah untuk mengawasi dan mengontrol seluruh aktivitas broker forex yang makin berkembang pesat. Selain itu, juga bertujuan untuk melindungi keamanan para investor.
Broker forex yang reputable setidaknya punya 1 regulasi yang mengaturnya. Makin banyak regulasi, makin bisa dipercaya broker forex tersebut. Selain regulasi, beberapa broker forex juga butuh keanggotaan (membership) dari badan-badan professional dan pemerintah, seperti Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID).
Jika broker forex tersebut punya regulasi, nama badan regulator seharusnya tercantum di homepage website broker. Namun, terkadang dalam homepage tersebut tidak dicantumkan atau hanya dicantumkan sebagian. Opsi lain adalah mencarinya di page-page yang mengarah ke informasi tentang broker tersebut, seperti di page 'About Us'. Kalau disitu juga tidak dicantumkan, berarti kita harus sedikit waspada. Opsi terakhir adalah menanyakan langsung kepada CS broker tersebut mengenai regulasi.
Dibawah ini ane sampaikan beberapa badan regulator broker forex yang harus trader forex kenal :
Australia -- Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
"ASIC is Australia's corporate, markets and financial services regulator.
We contribute to Australia's economic reputation and wellbeing by ensuring that Australia's financial markets are fair and transparent, supported by confident and informed investors and consumers."
Belgia -- The Financial Services and Markets Authority (FSMA)
"FSMA strives to ensure the honest and equitable treatment of financial consumers and the integrity of the financial markets.
The various players in the Belgian financial sector are under permanent supervision, for different aspects of their business, in order to secure confidence in the financial markets and to see to it that investors and financial consumers are treated honestly, fairly and professionally."
Belize -- International Financial Services Commission (IFSC)
"IFSC Act which seeks to promote, protect and enhance Belize as an international financial services center and to regulate the provision of international financial services." [Baca juga ceritaku tentang forex]
Canada -- Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC)
"IIROC carries out its regulatory responsibilities through setting and enforcing rules regarding the proficiency, business and financial conduct of dealer firms and their registered employees and through setting and enforcing market integrity rules regarding trading activity on Canadian equity marketplaces."
Cyprus -- Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
"CySEC is the independent public supervisory Authority responsible for the supervision of the investment services market and transactions in transferable securities carried out in the Republic of Cyprus.
The mission is to exercise effective supervision to ensure investor protection and the healthy development of the securities market."
Germany -- Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin)
"BaFin brings together under one roof the supervision of banks and financial services providers, insurance undertakings and securities trading. It is an autonomous public-law institution and is subject to the legal and technical oversight of the Federal Ministry of Finance."
Italy - Commissione Nazionale per le Societ? e la Borsa (CONSOB)
"CONSOB is the public authority responsible for regulating the Italian financial markets.
Its activity is aimed at the protection of the investing public."
Japan -- Financial Services Agency of Japan (FSA Japan)
"The Japanese Financial Services Agency is responsible for overseeing banking, securities and exchange, and insurance in order to ensure the stability of the financial system of Japan."
Malta -- Malta Financial Services Authority (FSA in Malta)
"MFSA is the single regulator for financial services in Malta.
The financial services sector incorporates all financial activity including that of credit institutions, financial and electronic money institutions, securities and investment services companies, regulated markets, insurance companies, pension schemes and trustees. The MFSA also manages the Registry of Companies and has also been appointed as the Listing Authority."
New Zealand -- Financial Markets Authority (FMA)
"The FMA's main objective is to promote and facilitate the development of fair, efficient and transparent financial markets."
Russia -- FFMS in Russia (FSFR)
"The Federal Financial Markets Service was a Russian federal executive body which regulated Russian financial markets including securities issuance and trading and supervision of exchanges, issuers, professional market participants and their Self-Regulatory Organisations."
Russia -- Centre for Regulation of Off-Exchange Financial Instruments and Technologies (CRFIN)
"CRFIN is a non-profit self-regulated partnership aimed to make the retail off-exchange Forex market a rightful member of the Russian financial industry.
Our mission is to promote creating effective mechanisms at the off-exchange segment of the Forex market which are necessary for development, transparency, civilized and convenient business environment and protection of interests for market participants."
Switzerland -- Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA)
"FINMA is an institution under public law with its own legal personality. It is responsible for implementing the Financial Market Supervision Act and financial market legislation. As an independent supervisory authority, FINMA acts to protect the interests of creditors, investors and insured persons and to ensure the proper functioning of the financial markets."
United Kingdom -- UK Financial Services Authority (FSA UK)
"The FSA has now become two separate regulatory authorities, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)."
United Kingdom -- The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
"We regulate the financial services industry in the UK. Our aim is to protect consumers, ensure our industry remains stable and promote healthy competition between financial services providers."
United Kingdom -- The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)
"The PRA is responsible for the supervision of banks, building societies and credit unions, insurers and major investment firms. The PRA's role is defined in terms of two statutory objectives to promote the safety and soundness of these firms and – specifically for insurers – to contribute to the securing of an appropriate degree of protection for policyholders."
United States -- Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
"The mission of CFTC is to protect market participants and the public from fraud, manipulation, abusive practices and systemic risk related to derivatives – both futures and swaps – and to foster transparent, open, competitive and financially sound markets."
United States -- Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)
"FINRA is dedicated to investor protection and market integrity through effective and efficient regulation of the securities industry."
United States -- National Futures Association (NFA)
"NFA is the self-regulatory organization for the U.S. derivatives industry, including on-exchange traded futures, retail off-exchange foreign currency (forex) and OTC derivatives (swaps)."
International organizations -- EU Commission
"The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU."
Selain sebagai ajang diskusi, thread ini bertujuan supaya para trader tahu, regulasi macam apa sih yang dimiliki broker kita ..
sumber : Indo.mt5.com